Kidney Failure Treatment: Transplant and Dialysis
Kidneys clean the blood of excess fluid, minerals and wastes. But when they fail, harmful wastes build up, the body may retain excess fluid and not produce enough red blood cells. Kidney failure requires extensive treatment as the body begins to suffer an inability to properly dispose of toxins.
Chronic or end stage kidney disease, also known as renal failure, requires dialysis or a kidney transplant.
A physician typically orders dialysis when 85 to 90 percent of kidney function disappears.
Hemodialysis pumps blood through a machine to remove waste before returning it to the circulatory system. Peritoneal dialysis utilizes a catheter to cleanse blood inside the body.
Transplanted kidneys may be obtained from deceased donors or a living family member. “People who have transplants must take drugs to keep their body from rejecting the new kidney for the rest of their lives,” according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
The Mayo Clinic reports that 95 percent of kidneys received from living donors are still functioning after 1 year compared to a 92 percent success rate for those received from deceased donors.