Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicles that causes small white-headed itchy pimples to form. Mild infections can be uncomfortable and severe infections may cause scarring and permanent hair loss.
According to the Mayo Clinic, topical or oral antibiotics may be prescribed to treat staphylococcal folliculitis and serious cases of hot tub folliculitis.
Folliculitis infections that are caused by tinea barbae and pityrosporum fungi may be treated with anti-fungal medications.
AIDS patients or people who suffer frequent cold sores may contract herpetic folliculitis that may be treated with antiviral drugs such as Valtrex.
Corticosteroids that are applied to the skin can be used to treat eosinophilic folliculitis.
Doctors may treat large boils or carbuncles with a small incision that drains the infection. Drainage can speed healing and lessen scarring.