Treatment Modalities for ADHD
Treatment modalities are the various methods used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), also known as attention deficit disorder (ADD). While there are a number of alternative treatments that claim to help people with ADHD, there are only a few that are generally supported by the medical and ADHD community. They include education, medication, behavioral treatment, pschotherapy and coaching.
Education might not seem like a form of treatment, but it is essential for both people with ADHD and people living with ADHD. Education helps people understand exactly what is going on and knowing is definitely half the battle when it comes to ADHD. Education should not be limited to adults. The soon children learn about ADHD the better.
Medication has always been a controversial treatment for ADHD, yet scientific studies have proven that it is effective when used correctly. This means that the medication is prescribed and monitored by a physician who is knowledgeable about ADHD and ADHD medications. Medications used to treat ADHD include stimulants, atomoxetine (Strattera) and antidepressants.
Behavioral includes modification and interventions designed to adjust the environment. Behavioral treatment may include parent training, teacher consultations and strategies that involve providing more structure while reinforcing good behavior.
Psychotherapy is when a person with ADHD regularly sits down and talks with a trained therapist. Psychotherapy is often focused on helping the person explore and understand the behaviors and relationships.
ADHD coaching is a widely supported form of treatment for both children and adults. It differs from pschotherapy. One great analogy by an unknown author is that “A therapist will explore your fears about riding a bike. A coach, when you decide you want to ride a bike, will run along beside you to provide support.”