What Are the Treatments for Black Lung Disease?
Black Lung Disease is a common name applied to a type of lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust over a long time. Also known as pneumoconiosis, the condition is chronic and may occur as a simple or complicated condition. This disease is most commonly found in individuals engaged in the coal mining industry and often affects those over 50 years of age. While there is no cure to date for black lung disease, various treatments may offer relief of symptoms.
Avoid further exposure to coal or carbon dust. Wearing a filter or mask may help prevent further complications from developing. It is important to protect the lungs from further damage. Smokers may face increased risk of damaging lung tissues and are cautioned to quit smoking.
Therapy for an individual diagnosed with a chronic lung disease often includes oxygen therapy. Oxygen therapy enables individuals to more adequately provide pure oxygen to the lungs. Oxygen therapy helps alleviate shortness of breath, provides a boost of stamina and reduces feelings of weakness and lethargy in people who suffer from chronic breathing problems.
Injection of corticosteroids may help to alleviate inflammation of lung tissues caused by chronic bouts of coughing and damage caused by coal or other mineral dusts. Corticosteroids reduce inflammation, enabling more oxygen to make its way into the lungs and reach the bronchioles and alveoli, the sacs found in the lungs where blood is oxygenated to be carried throughout the body.