What Is Hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia occurs when glucose (blood sugar) levels are too high. Hyperglycemia can occur at anytime but is generally associated with diabetes. Blood sugar levels should be between 70 and 150mg. Having high blood sugar is a potentially dangerous situation that can lead to many serious health problems.
What Is Glucose?
Glucose is a type of sugar found mostly in carbohydrates. Glucose is regulated by insulin and glucagon. However, if the body does not produce enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or becomes insulin resistant (Type 2 diabetes) glucose levels may get too high.
Hyperglycemia or Diabetes Risk
Individuals who are overweight, inactive and have family members affected by hyperglycemia or diabetes are at greater risk of suffering from this condition.
Symptoms of Hyperglycemia or Diabetes
Symptoms may include an increased need urinate, weight loss, tiredness, thirstiness, increased hunger, blurry vision and inability to resist infection.
Having hyperglycemia or diabetes increases the risk of several risky cardiovascular conditions. Also, damage can occur to the nerves, kidney, eyes, feet and skin. Also, the risk of developing osteoporosis and Alzheimer’s disease is increased when a person is affected by hyperglycemia or diabetes.
Lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy, well-balanced diet and getting adequate exercise can help control hyperglycemia. Also, medication may be prescribed.